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Linen fabric is made from the fibers of the flax plant and is one of the world’s oldest textiles. In Europe linen is considered to be one of the highest quality fabrics. Europeans have long favored linen because of its amazing qualities.
Linen has been made since about 1000 BC and was one of the first fibers to be made into cloth. Linen is a natural fiber made from flax plant. Flax is a tall, reed-like plant that grows in the Mediterranean region and Central Asia.
The process of manufacturing linen from the flax plant is very time consuming and laborious. However, it is environmentally friendly requiring less irrigation, pesticides, and energy than most other fibers. That is also the reason why linen is more expensive than, for example, cotton.
When harvesting the flax plants, they are not just cut. Instead, they must be pulled from the ground in order to retain the full length of the fiber. After being harvested the plants are left in the field to soften. This allows the woody section to start decomposing and make it easier to separate the fiber. Afterwards, the fiber is collected from the plants, rolled and stored in a shelter to become more soften.
After 2-3 months the fibers are combed, and excess impurities and shorter fibers are removed. Longer fibers are used to create linen textile, that is used for example for bed linens and also apparel. Short flax fibers are ideal for manufacturing for example heavy apparel fabrics, tents, etc.
The linen yarns are carefully graded and sorted into different qualities. Linen yarns range from extremely fine to firm.
Linen is known to be one of the world’s strongest natural fibers. Therefore, the primary benefit of linen fabric is its durability. It is not uncommon that European families will pass linen sheets on to the younger generation. Linen will last decades if cared for correctly.
Linen is so durable because of the thickness and strength of the fiber. Linen fiber is naturally thicker than for example cotton fiber. Its strength and durability are often the reasons why people choose linen. Linen also doesn't lose its shape and doesn’t stretch. You will have your linen garments looking perfect for a very long time!
A mark of its durability is how it becomes softer with every use and wash - instead of sacrificing stability, the fiber slowly changes texture - It softens the more it is used and washed.
Linen is one of the most breathable fabrics, therefore is ideal for hot temperatures. Linen fabric allows more airflow and also is a very absorbent fabric. Linen fabric can absorb as much as 20% of its dry weight. Therefore, linen clothing will always feel fresh and cool. Because of durability and breathability, linen is known to be high-quality bedding material.
However, linen is a natural insulator and is valued not only for its ability to keep cool in the summer months but also to help you stay warm in colder weather.
Linen has a natural ability to prevent bacterial growth. The use of linen fabric prevents a number of diseases because of flax antibacterial properties - no bacteria live on it. Therefore, linen is perfect for hand towels and bed sheets.
Linen is antiallergenic and is great for people who suffer from allergies, for example, asthma or hay fever. Because of linen’s distinct loose weave, it captures less dust and allergens that cause allergies.
Linen is antistatic which explains why it doesn’t cling to the body. Also because of the antistatic qualities, linen stays clean longer as this naturally repels dirt and dust.
It is super easy to wash linen and it’s quite hard to damage it. You can machine wash it if you want to soften it or dry clean it to maintain a crisp hand. You can also iron linens at a high temperature if needed, however, when linen is a bit wrinkled - it looks extremely charming and relaxed. And remember - the more linen is washed and worn, the softer it becomes!
Linen creates an effortless yet chic and modern style. Because of the clean-cut and saturated color fabrics linen is completely on-trend! Linen products with simple lines and textured edges create an aesthetic look.